Infective endocarditis

20 Sep

Infective endocarditis is an infection of the lining of the heart's chambers or the heart's valves. If left untreated, endocarditis can cause other complications, such as a blood clot, an irregular heartbeat, valve damage or destruction, and, in time, congestive heart failure (CHF).

Endocarditis generally occurs when bacteria or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart.

Endocarditis may develop slowly or suddenly - depending on what's causing the infection and whether you have any underlying heart problems. Endocarditis signs and symptoms vary, but may include:

Various tests may be necessary to help make the diagnosis:

The first line of treatment for endocarditis is antibiotics.

If you have endocarditis, you may need high doses of intravenous (IV) antibiotics in the hospital.

Surgery is also sometimes needed to treat endocarditis that's caused by a fungal infection.

About author

Dr. Adil Sadiq
Dr. Adil Sadiq has the distinction of probably being the only Cardiac surgeon in South India who is trained in Robotic Cardiac surgery. He is one of the very few surgeons in the country, who has extensive experience in minimally invasive cardiac surgery, including endoscopic approaches and is one of the very few surgeons performing Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) in this part of the country.

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